Guidelines

This document presents the six standards of care for adolescents and young people in Zambia. It seeks to provide a guide for strengthening the coordination and deliverly of quality adolescent friendly health services, and ensuring appropriate monitoring and evaluation (M&E).

The burden of HIV and AIDS continues to pose a major challenge to Zambia's health care system. Infections of children under fourteen (14) years constitute about 10 per cent of all HIV infections in Zambia. Most of these are a result of mother-to-child transmission. Strong government involvement over the past years and the enactment of the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Council through an Act of parliament in 2002, has given rise to high levels of awareness on HIV and AIDS and effective interventions at different levels. However, these guidelines are meant to cater for the counselling and testing needs of children up to the age of sixteen (16) years.  

These guidelines provide users with a brief overview of how to go about pretesting and evaluating communication materials, but users should also use their own experiences and judgment to make the best decisions to create the most impact and benefit for the Zambian population  

This paper is intended to provide guidelines for the inclusion of individuals with pre-existing disabilities in HIV/AIDS outreach efforts. It is based on a synthesis of materials collected in the course of the Global Survey on HIV/AIDS and Disability by the World Bank and Yale University. (World Bank: 2004) The strategies for interventions proposed here can provide a framework upon which disability advocates and HIV/AIDS advocates, educators and policy makers can begin to buildinterventions and support mechanisms for‘at-risk’ disabledpopulations.  To date, there have been few HIV/AIDS interventions that have directly targeted (or indirectly included) individuals with disabilityand almost noneof these interventions havebeensystematicallymonitoredor evaluated. The frameworkproposed here therefore, is intended only as a ‘first step’ in a growing body of publications on various aspects of disability-inclusive HIV/AIDSinterventionsandtool kits  

A technical working group (TWG) is defined as an entity or group brought together by a common purpose and interest to work on specific activities or programmes. Group members work in the same field, expertise or profession and are all guided by specific terms of reference (TORs). The TWG should have a structured schedule of meetings (e.g. quarterly meetings) and allow for some ad hoc meetings when necessary. The group should also have clearly identified activities and roles and responsibilities.  

These guidelines to UNAIDS’ preferred terminology have been developed for use by staff members, colleagues in the Programme’s 10 Cosponsoring organizations, and ther partners working in the global response to HIV. Language shapes beliefs and may influence behaviours. Considered use of appropriate language has the power to strengthen the global response to the epidemic. UNAIDS is pleased to make these guidelines to preferred terminology freely available. It is a living, evolving document that is reviewed on a regular basis. Comments and suggestions for additions, deletions, or modifications should be sent to terminology@unaids.org. The boxed list (summary of preferred terminology) overleaf highlights the most important points that we recommend users follow. These guidelines may be freely copied and reproduced, provided that it is not done so for commercial gain and the source is mentioned.  

The ‘National Mobile HIV Services Guidelines’ outline among other approaches, the establishment of mobile Counselling and Testing (CT), Prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT) and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) services and enhancing linkages with other health within the framework of a continuum of care for HIV positive people It is hoped that these guidelines will provide guidance and help accelerate efforts towards universal access to CT, PMTCT and ART services by all Zambians. It will be periodically updated as management evolves with changing times, and as need dictate